HISTORY 207B History of the United States from 1865

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If the course is full, be sure to add yourself to the waitlist, and remain on the list. Check your Cuesta email regularly to see if a spot has opened. Otherwise, you must remain on the waitlist, and you will be given an add code on the first day of instruction. ADD CODES ARE NOT AVAILABLE BEFORE THE FIRST DAY OF INSTRUCTION. I will accommodate as many waitlisted students as possible. Be sure to thoroughly read the course welcome letter and syllabus to make certain that you can commit to the obligations and deadlines of the course.



I’m very happy to have you enrolled in the course and hope that you will find it a rewarding and enlightening experience. My two paramount objectives are for you to enrich your understanding and appreciation of American history and to enjoy the education.


Let’s start with the “nuts and bolts” of the course—in other words, the basics about the course requirements. Yes, this can be some dreary reading, but it is important information for students to know, from the beginning of the course, in order to enhance learning success.


The first issue that must be raised is the fact that you are taking a semester-length, 18-week college history course in a condensed six-week DE format. Be prepared to read extensively.


Course Environment. This online course will be using a Web-based Learning Management System Canvas as the method to disseminate information. Canvas provides the framework for the course including PowerPoint presentations, student data files, the tools to receive and send course materials, and a grade book. Using the communication tools, you can communicate using e-mail, and you can share materials and ideas with other course participants via the discussion forums and groups.

Accessing Canvas. Prior to the start of classes, you will receive an email to your my.Cuesta.edu address providing you with a reminder that class will be starting and log in procedures for Canvas, the learning management system (LMS) used to deliver course content. You can access Canvas by logging into MyCuesta, then clicking on the Resources Tab, then clicking on Canvas in the Online Learning Channel, or by typing the Canvas address (https://cuesta.instructure.com/) into your browser address bar. Do not bookmark / favorite the canvas site after your login, or you will get an error message next time you try to log in. You must access the canvas log in directly.

If you are not familiar with logging into canvas, please refer to the Canvas Quick Reference GuideLinks to an external site.. Once logged into Canvas you will be directed on where to get started. Be sure to read all the direction on the course home page.  

Technical Support

If you are having difficulty logging into Canvas as of the official date for the start of the session, and need assistance please email technical support at this email address: support@my.cuesta.eduI CANNOT HELP YOU WITH TECHNICAL SUPPORT. EMAIL THE TECH TEAM. THEY ARE THERE TO ASSIST YOU.

Cuesta students are encouraged to direct all technical support inquiries to  support@my.cuesta.edu. If you are having issues with Canvas, you should contact the Canvas Support Hotline at (877) 921-7680, or click on the help button on the Canvas Navigation to report a problem.


If you are having difficulty viewing the course or logging in, it may be because you are not using the correct url: https://cuesta.instructure.com/ or you are using your phone or using an unsupported browser.


Your learning environment is best accessed from a desktop or laptop computer, using Firefox or Chrome.  This may solve your problem!  Please review the browser requirements and minimum computer specificationsLinks to an external site.


Online Learning

If you have never taken an online class or this is your first experience with Canvas, please be patient with yourself. Online classes are not inherently easier, although they may be much more convenient for many students. You should expect to spend at least as much time, if not more on this course as you would on a course that meets face to face. Since there is no lecture component, much of this time will be self-directed and there will be a substantial amount of reading, viewing, studying, and writing required. This course is completely online using Canvas; all coursework (discussions, assignments, quizzes) is submitted online. There are no face-to-face meetings.  Be prepared to spend 8 - 12 hours per week on coursework for this class. Be sure to carefully read the History 207B Schedule of Assignments below to help you determine if you can fully commit to this course.

IS an ONLINE CLASS FOR YOU?  Promptly goo to the Online Readiness ResourcesLinks to an external site. and take the "self-assessment " and review all the resources that were designed to help you understand the basis for an online class and the skills necessary for success. (If the tutorials do NOT describe you, then taking this class online is NOT for you and I strongly suggest that you drop the online class and enroll in a traditional classroom section.)

This course has been constructed for students who have an appreciation of history or who are receptive to developing such an appreciation. It was not designed for students who desire to do minimal work in order to simply complete the course without being enriched by it.

Therefore, you should not enroll in this course if either you do not have the desire or if you cannot commit to successfully meeting the weekly mandatory assignments. By dropping early, you will allow another student to add this course.



This course is designed using an accessible Learning Management System, and course materials have been created with ADA compliance in mind. If you have a disability and might need accommodations in this class such as extended time on exams or other resources. Please contact the instructor as soon as possible so that you can receive appropriate accommodations in a timely manner. You should also contact DSPS (Disabled Student Programs & Services)Links to an external site. at 805-546-3148.


Once the new academic session has begun, please review the Orientation Module, which provides helpful information about online education and academic integrity. Please read the brief “Why Study History?” essay. Also, take a peek at the “Week One Overview” in the Week One module.


Be sure to regularly check your Cuesta email account for essential course announcements and updates.


Again, let me welcome you to DE History 207B. I am super excited to teach this course and I hope that you will find it to be an educational, as well as enjoyable, experience!







Dr. Anthony S. Koeninger

Professor, History Department

Office Hours: (BY EMAIL ONLY): M, Tu, W: 10:00AM-12:00PM.

E-mail Address: akoening@cuesta.edu




This course surveys the paramount political, social, cultural, economic, and foreign policy issues that have affected American civilization from Reconstruction to the modern era. Special attention is paid to civil rights at home and the American encounter with the world, including such issues as isolationism, the use of diplomatic and military power, and the impact of American trade, culture, and ideals on the world.


The ultimate objective of the course is to use the past as indispensable evidence to understand how Americans have attempted to define and redefine liberty, equality, opportunity, and justice in American history.  History 207B has been designed to help students understand how perceptions of the past influence contemporary life and how issues of race, religion, class, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation have shaped the historical experience for Americans. The emphasis on explanation focuses heavily on interpretations and analysis rather than on a summary of facts.




In addition to gaining intermediate-level mastery of United States History from 1865, students will:

  • Learn to distinguish primary and secondary source materials and interpret and analyze those documents for both content and point of view.
  • Read and think critically, write clearly and persuasively, and be able to evaluate historical evidence.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the efforts by minority groups such as African-Americans, Native Americans, and Mexican-Americans to secure unabridged legal, political, and economic equality.




        --ISAIAH 33:6








History 207B is divided in the weekly modules into two sections: (1) Mandatory (required) assignments and (2) Non-mandatory (optional) material.




A good idea is to review, early each week, the weekly overview, which will inform you about everything that you will need to accomplish in this course that week.


Each week will comprise of lectures and text reading. At the end of every lecture is a section that provides you with “diagnostic” review questions and key names and terms to help you master the lecture material and prepare you for the exams.


You will also be provided with study guides for the five quizzes, two midterms, and final examination. These study guides are posted well in advance. Be sure to prepare for the quizzes and exams by utilizing the study guides well ahead of due dates. Throughout the course, there are multiple reminders about quiz and exam dates. THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NO EXCUSE FOR NOT KNOWING THE DUE DATES OF QUIZZES AND EXAMS.



Regarding quizzes and exams: There are no make-up quizzes or exams for any reason whatsoever! NO quiz or exam score is dropped!


You will have seven days (from 12:01 AM on Monday to 11:59 PM on Sunday) to complete each quiz and exam.


All quizzes and exams are open book, open notes. That’s learner-friendly—but the quizzes and exams are timed: forty-five minutes to complete the ten-question multiple-choice quizzes and ninety minutes to complete the forty-question multiple-choice exams.

The quizzes are an essential element in this course, as they examine crucial topics and themes in American history.

To promote student success on the five quizzes, quiz takers will have two attempts at each quiz.

For the exams: only one attempt at the two midterms and final.

Be sure to utilize the study guides for all exams and quizzes!


Once you begin a quiz or exam, you must finish it. You will not have the opportunity to stop at some point and return to finish it later.


The college’s student integrity policy is in effect during all quizzes and exams.


Each quiz is worth 20 points; the exams are valued at 80 points. A maximum of 340 points in the course are possible. No extra credit or special assignments are permitted.


Do not wait until the last few hours to take the quiz and exam. If you do, and something unexpectedly arises that prevents you from taking or finishing the quiz and exam, you’ll be out of luck.

It is a severe violation of the Cuesta College Student Code of Conduct to capture any image of a quiz or exam, or in any manner to transmit quiz or exam questions to another student or to anyone else.

To secure the integrity of the exam, only one question at a time will be shown as you take the test. Once you’ve answered an individual question, you will not be able to return to it. You will have 90 minutes to take the exams—a generous allotment of 2 minutes, 15 seconds per question. The tests will feature 40 questions based on the study guide and practice exam questions. Yet, each test will be unique—beyond the randomized order of the questions and shuffled answers. Your tests will have a set of questions that will not appear on another student’s exams, and vice versa. In addition to these protective measures, be advised that I will be altering, in a fundamental way, the course quizzes and exams from semester to semester.

The final component of the required weekly material is the discussion forum, in which students must respond to one critical thinking question with posts ranging from a minimum of 100 words to a maximum of 200 words.


This course does not assign any “busy” work. All assignments are designed to maximize your success on the quizzes and exams. More importantly, the entire course has been engineered to help students develop a richer comprehension and appreciation of the history of the United States of America.


Be sure to allocate ample time each week to complete all weekly mandatory assignments. The time you spend in this course will probably differ from week to week. But, remember, that as an on-line student, it is your responsibility to log-on to the course site frequently, earmark the necessary time, and complete the assignments by the due dates each week for the entire duration of the course.


You must be self-motivated to successfully complete this course; however, this course is not self-paced as there are fixed deadlines for lecture and text reading assignments, discussion forums, quizzes, and exams that must be met throughout the semester. I can recommend this course only to students who are well-organized and well-disciplined.





The non-mandatory (optional) material includes audio lectures, videos, primary and secondary sources, recommended readings, optional lectures, “did you know?” sections (which provide students with intriguing insights into little-known aspects of American history), and featured illustrations. To complement the lectures, each week offers a PowerPoint slideshow providing useful visual images. You may find the slideshows helpful tools to understand the lecture material.

The optional sections also provide extremely helpful non-graded practice Quiz 1 and exam questions, and recreational (non-graded) quizzes.

You do not need to explore the optional material to be successful in the course. However, the optional material will certainly enrich your understanding of the course subject material.






You may contact me via email (akoening@cuesta.edu) during office hours—Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays, 10AM-Noon. During especially busy periods, you may need to be patient while you await a response.


I will be regularly engaged with the course on school days. I will NOT be available on weekends and holidays. If you email me during the weekend or a holiday, do NOT expect a response from me until school resumes.


Would you prefer to speak directly to your online professor rather than communicating via Canvas posts and emails? You may make an appointment to confer with me by telephone during office hours or another time which would be more convenient for you. Email me and we will establish a time when I will call you from my blocked phone number.


I enjoy speaking with my students. So, if you have any questions about the matter or assignments, let’s chat!





I have transitioned from print books to e-books, in large measure because e-books are much more affordable and they are friendly to the environment.


One e-book is OPTIONAL for this course: the McGraw Hill-Openstax U.S. History e-book. Cost: $25.  You will purchase online access to Connect with Smartbook (eBook) for the McGraw Hill-Openstax U.S. History e-book.  There is also a 2-week free Courtesy Access period that starts on the first day of class.  Please see the Connect Registration PowerPoint instructions for details of how to access Connect and purchase.  You will find the link to this in the “How to Purchase and Access Course E-book” in the Introductory Module.


If you have any issue with purchasing or accessing the OPTIONAL e-book, please contact McGraw-Hill technical support:

Call: (800) 331-5094

Email & Chat: www.mhhe.com/support

Monday - Thursday ● 24-HOUR AVAILABILITY

Friday ● 5 AM - 6 PM

Saturday ●  7 AM - 5 PM

Sunday ● 9 AM – 11 PM

(All times Pacific Time Zone)




This course demands considerable reading and the taking of copious lecture notes. I cannot suggest a “course of least resistance” that will curtail the amount of reading and writing. Punctual completion of DE assignments is absolutely essential to your success in this course.


History 207B is a lecture notes-oriented distance education course. The lectures have been designed to complement and not simply to repeat the readings.  In fact, the lectures examine historical topics that are not covered, or are not covered extensively, in the OPTIONAL textbook. You will need to take precise and detailed lecture notes. It is fundamentally important that students diligently complete the reading assignments as the text covers subjects and issues that are not covered in detail, or covered at all, in my lectures.





You should NOT take this course if your work schedule or outside interests and concerns or social and entertainment itinerary do not permit you to make History 207B a high priority (by completing all assignments on time). By dropping early, you will make room for the students on the waiting list who can take maximum advantage of this course.

Before Census Date, you will need to regularly log-into the course and make use of the course material. Failure to do so will result in a drop without notice! This drop policy is mandated by Cuesta College and the State of California.

Following Census Date, if you do not log-into the course, study, prepare for graded assignments, and take the quizzes and exams, your grade will suffer. However, it is YOUR responsibility--not mine-- to drop the course after Census Date. Failure to officially withdraw from a class may result in an “F” or failing grade.

I cannot advise you whether or not to drop the course, as that exposes me to potential future criticism for whatever advice regarding withdrawing from the course that I would provide.

Obviously, I would prefer that students remain in the course so that they can continue to learn about American history.

But, ultimately, of course, only the student can determine her or his time restraints and what obligations she or he can master.

If you experience difficulty in the course, be sure to contact the College’s Student Success Center for tutorial assistance. They are more than happy to help you in your quest for academic success at Cuesta College.




The course grade is based upon two midterm examinations and a final examination.  In addition, students will take five quizzes. The examinations are not cumulative. All quizzes and exams are open notes, open book and are based on the lectures and texts.


Students are required to participate in the course discussion forums by submitting one post per week.




The course discussion board is designed to facilitate critical thinking, in which each post builds on previous comments. In this way, a thoughtful and informative discussion can develop.

Every student is required to post once a week. Each post should be a minimum of 100 words, and a maximum of 200 words. Do not exceed the word count.

Review your words for clarity and tone. You should compose your posts using clear, complete sentences. Avoid sentence fragments and slang language, writing in all capital letters, and using multiple exclamation points. Never use profanity. Incivility is non-negotiable. Do not use emojis.

Pay careful attention to spelling, grammar, and punctuation. This is a college course forum; it is not a social forum, where a more relaxed, online communication environment prevails.

If you have difficulty in crafting well-written posts, consider consulting a tutor or the College writing lab.

Compose substantive, thoughtful posts. If you provide an opinion on a particular issue, be sure it is grounded in facts. If you use legitimate sources from outside the course, be sure to cite them.

Participate early in the week; do not procrastinate so that you barely meet the deadline, or miss it entirely.

Discussion forums are superb platforms to promote critical thinking and meaningful dialogue for the weekly lecture and text material. All students are required to participate in each week's discussion forum.

In meeting the weekly forum requirement, students must answer the weekly question. This fulfills the requirement. Students do not need to respond to other students’ posts, although a genuine forum depends upon collaborative discussion.










Students must take quizzes and exams when they are administered to the entire class. No special accommodations can be made for individual students. No make-up quizzes or exams will be administered for any reason whatsoever. Yes, this means you!


Quizzes (30 minutes) and exams (90 minutes) are open-book, open notes. Be sure to follow the study guides to prepare for all quizzes and exams.


Students are responsible for knowing the quiz and exam schedule, which are posted throughout the modules and are readily accessible.



Again, there are NO make-up quizzes or exams, and NO extra credit assignments for this course.


However, I will provide each student with TWENTY-FIVE (25) POINTS redeemable by Week 17.


Therefore, if you miss a quiz or perform poorly on an exam, the bonus twenty-five points will help you to recover some ground.


A few words about the twenty-five points:


  1. There is no assignment attached to them; they are “bonus” points.


  1. They will be added to each student’s total point score, and not distributed to various quizzes and exams.




All work submitted must be your own, prepared exclusively for this course. Unacceptable breaches of your obligation as a student include:

  • Submitting the same work or portions of the same work to more than one class or from a previous class.
  • Turning in work prepared by another person as if it were your own work—this includes the use of materials from online sites.
  • Copying (plagiarizing)—even a short phrase—from a book, textbook, or website without citing the source.
  • Assisting another student in cheating or plagiarizing.
  • Using any camera to capture an image from a quiz or an exam.
  • Using any electronic device to cheat on an exam or quiz
  • CHEATING WILL NOT BE TOLERATED! Violations of student ethics will be reported to the College’s Vice President’s Office for immediate discipline.


The following are disciplinary action which can result from violation(s) of the Cuesta College Student Code of Conduct, including academic dishonesty.


Removal from the Course.

Suspension from the College.

Expulsion. Termination of student status from Cuesta College.


The College includes these principles in its Code of Conduct: ETHICS, HONESTY, ACADEMIC INTEGRITY, TRUST, PRINCIPLES, TRUTH.




  1. Upon completion of this course of study, students will understand the major events following the U.S. Civil War and be able to relate their significance to the development of American constitutional democracy.
  2. Students will understand the political principles underlying the U. S. Constitution and compare the enumerated and implied powers of the federal government.
  3. Students will be able to understand the American political system and the ways in which citizens participate in it.
  4. Students will analyze and understand U. S. foreign policy.
  5. Students will analyze and identify the steady attempts to protect and expand civil rights and fully realize the ideals of the Declaration of Independence.
  6. Students will analyze and understand the causes, key events, and complex consequences of industrialization and urbanization.
  7. Students will understand that concepts such as race, class, gender, freedom, and rights are historical and cultural constructs that change over time.
  8. Students will recognize and understand that Americans of African descent, Mexican ancestry, Native Americans, women, military personnel, farmers, and workers have helped to shape American society by the actions they take individually or collectively.
  9. Students will be able to identify, understand, and explore the connections between religious, social, economic, and political developments from the Civil War to the present.




Question: “What do you recommend that I do in order to be successful in the course?”


Answer: “That is a great question! The most important prescription for success in this course involves excellent time management skills. You’ll need to stay current with each week’s mandatory assignments. Don’t fall behind. One missed assignment easily leads to additional, neglected assignments. If you neglect to invest the proper time in the course one week, other poorly-attended weeks may follow.


Be sure to review the weekly overviews, which inform you about the weekly mandatory assignments. Don’t procrastinate. Make sure that you meet the due dates in a timely manner. Remember, you have access to every module 10 to 14 days prior to the due dates of lectures and discussion forums. That is a generous, ample amount of time.


Question: “How is this course equivalent to a university-level course?”


Answer: History 207A and 207B at Cuesta College are transfer courses. UCSB, Cal Poly, and other four-year institutions, expect and demand that History 207A and 207B are, in every way, comparable to their undergraduate, introductory U.S. history courses. If we fail to meet the universities’ requirements, History 207A and 207B would not be transferable. Hence, the history courses at Cuesta are as rigorous as those taught at the four-year institution.


Question: “How important are the Discussion Forums, and are they graded?”


Answer: The posts are nominally required, although no points are attached to them. However, if you consistently contribute thoughtful posts, and if you are between two letter grades at the end of the semester, you will receive the higher grade. This is certainly a good incentive to regularly contribute to the forums. Moreover, all the Discussion Forum questions will help to prepare you for the exams.


In meeting the weekly forum requirement, students must answer the weekly questions. This fulfills the requirement. Students do not need to respond to other students’ posts, although a genuine forum depends upon collaborative discussion.



Question: “Can I post after a forum closes?”


Answer. No. You have two weeks to post. Do not wait until the last minute to post.


Question: “How important are the lectures?”


Answer: The lecture material is crucial. Lectures provide you with the historical content, context, and analysis that allow you to understand the topics that are covered in the course. It is impossible to succeed in this course without diligent attention to the weekly lectures.


You should read each lecture more than once. Take notes as you read. Answer the diagnostic questions that follow every lecture. Be sure to know the key names and terms provided at the conclusion of each lecture. If you find the audio lectures helpful, listen to them as you read the lecture PDFs. In sum, regard the lectures seriously. A considerable amount of time was invested researching, composing, and editing the lectures. They are integral to the course.



Question: “How important are the readings in the text?”


Answer: The optional text readings in the McGraw-Hill-Open Stax U.S. History e-book complement the lectures and afford you a deeper appreciation of the history that we are studying. Although you won’t be tested on the e-book readings, the optional weekly text assignments are extremely beneficial to your comprehension of the course subject matter.


Question: “How helpful are the study guides?”


Answer: The study guides are extraordinarily helpful as you prepare for the quizzes and exams. The study guides focus your attention on precisely what you need to know for the quizzes and exams. Nothing on the study guides is frivolous or irrelevant. In fact, many study guide questions appear verbatim on the quizzes and exams!


Also, be sure to take the “Practice Exam Questions” before the two midterms and final exam. The practice exam questions provide great insight into the exams. Some practice questions reappear on the exams!


Question: “How important are the optional sections in the weekly modules?”

Answer: The non-mandatory (optional) material includes videos, primary and secondary sources, recommended readings, optional lectures, “did you know?” sections (which provide students with intriguing insights into little-known aspects of American history), and featured illustrations.

The optional sections also provide extremely helpful non-graded practice quiz and exam questions, recreational (fun) quizzes, an American history chronology, and presidential slideshow.

You do not need to explore the optional material to be successful in the course. However, the optional material will certainly enrich your understanding of the course subject material.


Question: “I missed a quiz [or] I missed an exam. Can I make it up?”


Answer: No. There are numerous reminders throughout the course about quiz and exam due dates. No special accommodation can be made for you should you fail to take a quiz or exam.


Question: “I realize that there are no makeup quizzes or exams. If I perform poorly or miss one quiz or exam, can I still do well in the course?”


Answer: Yes! In assigning your final semester grade, I will weigh your quantitative and qualitative performances in the course. In other words, I will assess your total points, and I will also carefully consider your participation in the weekly discussion forums and improvement that you’ve made during the course.


If you should perform poorly on one quiz or exam, make sure you work harder and score well on the succeeding quizzes and exams. There is no extra credit available in this course. 



Question: “How can I get a quick response to a question or concern I have about the course?”


Answer: For a speedy response, send an email to me (akoening@cuesta.edu) during the following times: MW, 10AM-Noon; TR, 7-8PM. During especially busy office hours, you may need to be patient for a response. Additionally, I respond as fast as possible to emails sent to me outside of the posted office hours.


Question: “Should I report a broken link to you?”


Answer: Yes, please do. Let me know what the broken link is, and where it is located. There are hundreds of links in the course, and unless you tell me what the broken link is, and where it’s located, I cannot repair it.


Also, please alert me to any typographical errors you might find. I typed virtually everything in the course—hundreds of thousands of words. I have been as diligent as possible in proofreading, but, invariably, a “typo” will evade my scrutiny. Again, let me know what the typographical error is, and where it’s located.


Once I’ve been notified about broken links and typographical errors, I will correct them in a very timely manner. Thank you.



I cannot reveal quiz and exam questions while quizzes and exams are “live.” Once a quiz or exam deadline has expired, and you wish to know which questions you’ve incorrectly answered, you may make an appointment to confer with me by telephone. Email me and we will establish a time when I will call you from my blocked phone number. Sorry, but I do not release my phone number to students.

Also, in order to preserve the integrity of the quizzes and exams, I do not email quiz and exam answers. Please do not ask me to do so.

Quizzes and exams are not cumulative. Therefore, you do not need to study past exam material in preparation for future test questions.

Only a small number of quiz questions reappear on exams. You should focus your exam study time on the lectures, exam study guides, and practice exams, as all exam questions emanate from them.



Because of privacy concerns, I cannot send grade updates via email. Also, I do not email final course grades to students. Please do not ask me to do so. Grades are available about two weeks after the last day of the term upon request from the Admissions and Records Office. You may access grades via Cuesta College’s web site at: www.cuesta.eduLinks to an external site..




Midterm 1: 80

Midterm 2: 80 

Five Quizzes:  100  

Final:          80

Total: 340 points


306 Points= 90% A

272 Points =80% B

238 Points =70% C

204 Points =60% D

203 Points and below =F


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